Join The goRead. goRides seasonal biking tip and tasks.

Bike Part Terms

By Annette 4 years agoNo Comments
Too many terms, too much jargon! This will help.  Bike Part terms is a reference of bike parts, what they are and their purpose.  This is an active reference that will grow as we introduce bike parts within The goRide Way.
If you want to know more about a certain bike part – like its name and how to get the best from it – then check out the related links.
Bike Tyre
Pre Ride Bike Check. Pumping up your tyre. goRideWhat is it? Primarily made of rubber and a fabric casing where the tyre fits into the rim of your wheel. Comes in different diameter and widths
Why is it important? Comfort, traction and movement.
Links – What does it do? The Bike Tyre   Bike Parts – The Tyre    Pumping up a Tyre, Video   How to Clean Your Bike Tyres   Bike Tools – The Bike Pump


Inner tube - Bike partsTube – sits inside the tyre, the tube comes in different sizes to match the size of your tyre. Your tube size is embossed on the side wall of your tyre.  A spare tube should be carried as part of your Essential Tool Kit.

Links – How to buy a Bike Tube

Bike Tyre/ Tube Parts
Dust cap bike valve goRideDust cap – The cap on the end of the valve, not essential but can be useful.





 Presta valve – skinny valve on the tube, has a nut on the end. The valve protrudes through the rim. The valve lets air in and out of your tube.




Side wall of tyre showing PSIPSI – stands for Pounds per Square Inch. It is the measure for the amount of air in your tyre. The PSI is embossed onto the side wall of your tyre. It will show a range (minimum to maximum) your tyres should be inflated to.




What does it do bike tyre tread goRideRim of a wheel – The metal outer circumference of the wheel. The tyre sits in the rim. The rim comes in different sizes, different circumferences. The spokes attach to the rim.




Bike parts bike tyre schrader valve goRide

Schrader valve – The fat valve found on the tube. The valve protrudes through the rim. The valve lets air in and out of your tube




Types of bike tyresTread – the rubber pattern on the outside of the wheel – different patterns are suited to different riding conditions.
Schrader Presta valve bike tube goRideValve – There are 2 different types of valves found on a tube – Schrader & Presta.



Bike Seat & Parts

 Womens Bike SeatSeat – also known as a saddle. One of three parts of the bike that your body comes into contact with.  The seat is where you sit on your bike.

Shop – Womens Bike Saddles

Links – How to find the Perfect Bike Seat 3 Simple Bike Seat Adjustments – height, tilt and reach   Bike Seat “Sweet Spot”

Fancy Pants – Why Wear Padded Riding Shorts?,  goRide Essential Pre-ride Bike Safety Check



bike seat adjustment quick release lever seat post open position goRideQuick release – as the name suggests a quick way to release a fixing.  Quick releases can be found on your seat post or the hub of your wheels.  As they can be knocked open it is a good idea to scan them before getting on your bike.




Seat dropper. Handlebars. goRide

Seat Dropper – You are looking at the red button in the photo. Good placement is just inside your handlebar grip either left or right side so you can reach it with your thumb.  Why do you use a seat dropper? To change your seat height in a hurry, while you are still moving along on your bike. A dropper is a mountain biking development and is great as the terrain changes to get you in the best possible position on your bike.




Bike seat adjustment allen key bike seat post goRide

Seat Post/Seat Post Clamp – the seat inserts into a tube on the frame of your bike via the seat post and is held in place by the seat post clamp.  The position of the post in this tube determines the height of your seat.




bm24_basil_bloom_blueSeat Protector – also known as seat cover – protectors are designed to add padding and shield your existing bike seat.  Protectors come in many different designs and are a great way to add personality to your bike




Bike seat adjustment rail cycle seat reach goRideSeat Rails – these metal bars run along underneath your bike seat and are how your seat is attached to your bike.





Seat Tilt – Your seat can have a neutral, forward or back tilt.  Tilt directly effects where you transfer your body weight into the bike.  You should have a tilt that allows your body weight to go through your sit bones not your pelvic bone or soft genital tissue.




Brooks suspension coils

Suspension Coils – some seats have seat rails (see above) that end in coils.  Coils are designed to absorb some of the bumps and impacts from the road/trail making your ride more comfortable.




Brake Levers

Bike brake levers. Handlebars. goRide

What are they? Brake levers when pulled towards your handlebar engage your brakes, bringing you to a stop or slowing your speed down.

Where?  Next to your handlebar grips usually about an inch in – see photo – or on drop bars where you grip most often.  They can be rotated around the handlebar tube so need to be positioned where your wrists are relaxed and feel natural.  When you sit on your seat and place your hand onto the handlebar and fingers onto the levers everything should be in line and comfortable.  You need easy reachability in a hurry.


Gear Shifters  

What are they?  Shifters change your gears on a bike.  Pulling them in or pushing them out will allow your pedalling to become easier as you adjust to a change in terrain or weather (a hill or wind, slowing you down).  Shifters are normally operated by your thumb and index finger so for ease of use are placed within easy reach of these things – right behind the brake levers.  Gear shifters. Handlebars. goRide

Why?  As with brake levers it’s all about ease of use and reachability.  It should feel quite natural to shift gears and once you get to know your bike it will become a reflex action which is great when you need to shift in a hurry.


Grip Shifters

What are they?  As the name suggests this mechanism is housed within the grips on flat or raised handlebars

Why use them?  Ultimate ease of use simply twist the grip that you are already holding and it will change the bikes gears for you.  The only draw back being that you need a bit of wrist strength so not great for children and those of us with wrist issues.


Where?  Your grips should be wear your hands want to hold onto the handlebars – typically at the end of the bars for flat bars.  Tape will usually be used on drop bars and Handlebar grips. Handlebars. goRide IMG_3795tri bars and will cover most of the handlebar, to give you lots of gripping options.

Why use them?  You need to be able to put your hands where you can maintain a comfortable relaxed A shape position.  For more on correct riding posture see Chi Riding Tip 1.




 What is it? Bike handlebars have these goals; steering, proper position of your hands and a platform for you to mount all kinds of important things.

Links:  Maintain your “A” Whatever the Handlebar Shape.


Handlebar Styles


Drop Bar – what you would normally find on road bikes are drop bars. These are designed so that the rider can maintain a “tuck” position to be aerodynamic.




Flat Handlebar. Handlebar shapes. goRide

Flat Bar – quite simply flat bars give you more stability because they are wider and your body position is more upright (compared to drop bars).




Riser bike handlebars. Handlebar shapes. goRide

Riser Bar – Risers will have anywhere from a 15 to 50mm rise from the centre to where your hands are placed giving a more natural feeling to your grip as the bars rise to meet your hands.



Tis season biking cycling 2 women goRide

North Road Bar – named after the North Road Cycling Club in London, these are the ultimate in round town comfort allowing a very upright position while riding.




black and white handlebar

Crusier Bar – popular for urban riding these handlebars are curvy and comfortable.  Adding height and meeting your hands they allow for a great upright position.



IMG_3827BMX – these handlebars have a lot of rise and usually have a cross brace to provide rigidity and strength.  Used on BMX and small children’s bikes.




Handlebar Ends

What are they?  As the name implies these are handlebar extensions that are placed on the end of your handlebars and curve forward and slightly up

Why use them?  For an additional hand placement option and some people like the slightly different angle of pull it achieves when you need to climb something steep or get out of your seat to sprint.



IMG_1423What is it? Your bike has 2 wheels, spinning of the wheel through pedaling gives you motion.

 Links –Find out about The Tyre


Thanks for reading. Used together our stories and resources support you to achieve and develop as a rider.
Related goRide Resources:
goRide is a shared journey, so we would like you to assist in guiding it along the way. Contact goRide. Your thoughts, comments or feedback are welcome. Thank you for being a part of the goRide Way.
this work was shared 0 times

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.